Is Self-efficacy a Resource for Nigerians in the U.S. Especially when Compared to Indigenous Nigerians?

By Nnenna Ndika.

Published by The International Journal of Critical Cultural Studies

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Immigrants, as well as ethnic and racial minorities are faced with the complex process of acculturation as they strive to live in plural societies. Maladaptive psychological adjustments are bound to emerge due to the pressures of acculturation, which require specific culture sensitive mental health interventions among members of different ethnic/racial groups. The study validated the Self-Efficacy Scale (SES; Sherer et al. 1982) on adult, first generation Nigerian immigrants (N = 104) in America. The study also compared the SES scores from the Nigerian immigrant sample with that of a normed comparison sample of indigenous Nigerians (i.e., those who reside in Nigeria). The components that emerged from principal component analysis of the SES failed to fit the underlying bivariate structure as proposed by the original SES normative data. Cronbach’s alpha (.74) and split-half (.72) reliabilities of the SES scores were at acceptable levels, which suggested that the data was suitable for further analyses. The Nigerian immigrant sample reported they have higher levels of self-efficacy ratings than the indigenous sample. To this end, level of self-efficacy beliefs is likely a vital resource to be explored when Nigerian immigrants request mental health services, especially when the acculturation process is implicated.

Keywords: Acculturation, Nigerian Immigrants, Self-efficacy

The International Journal of Critical Cultural Studies, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp.63-75. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 480.456KB).

Nnenna Ndika

Doctoral Student, Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program, Alliant International University (California School of Professional Psychology; CSPP), Fresno, California, USA

As a pre-doctoral clinical psychology intern working in two community colleges in California, I render psychological services to a multiethnic student population, with diverse backgrounds and presenting problems. These services include individual and group psychotherapy, outreach programs, psychological evaluations, crisis intervention, supervisory duties and teaching. My formative years were spent in Switzerland, after which I grew into adulthood in Nigeria. Prior to my doctoral studies at CSPP at Alliant International University, California, I obtained my first and second degrees at the University of Benin and University of Lagos, respectively.