Since the end of the Vietnam War, the United States has relied on ‘volunteer’ armed services. Depending on volunteers for military defense–or military aggression–requires significantly different motivational ‘scripts’ and inducements than reliance on inductees. However, unlike the armed services, few commercial enterprises need to successfully manage the negative features of potential death and physical or mental disablement. One means of managing their effect is to support advances in body part replacement while alternating official silence regarding the extent of such injuries; patriotic rhetoric aimed at whipping up public support and morale; and scripting positive outcome scenarios (career enhancement; character building; and cash incentives). Research shows that financial support for, and medical advances in, body part research and design coincides historically with American involvement in military actions.
|Keywords:||War Injuries, Military Service, Class Society, Prosthetics, Scripts|
Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Justice and Legal Studies, Saint Martin’s University, Lacey, Washington, USA